|Place||Prague, Institute of Art History of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Husova 4, CZECH REPUBLIC|
|Organizer||Institute of Art History of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic|
The task to evangelize the indigenous population of New Spain (* 1635) has been entrusted to the monastic church, which, over several decades,have built - with the support of the Spanish Crown and in cooperation with the Indians - a network of monasteries covering the whole territory of New Spain. Following the example of the European Middle Ages and given the fact that most of the Indians were illiterate, the missionaries decided to evangelize the natives with the help of art. And so Mexican monasteries were decorated with wall paintings and reliefs that originated from the need to christianize the indigenous peoples of Mexico. Due to the lack of European artists (and their cost), the mendicant orders decided to entrust the decoration of monasteries to the Indians. This led to a remarkable syncretism of European and indigenous forms that reflected the imagery of New World.