In March 2018 the European Commission decided to give the European Heritage Label to nine heritage sites. That includes Dohány Street Synagogue Complex in Hungary.
European Heritage sites bring to life the European narrative and the history behind it. Since 2013, the heritage sites have been carefully selected for their symbolic value, the role they have played in the European history and activities they offer that bring the European Union and its citizens closer together.
European Heritage sites can be enjoyed singly or as part of a network. Visitors can get a real feel for the breadth and scale of what Europe has to offer and what it has achieved. The focus is on the promotion of the European dimension of the sites and providing access to them. This includes organising a wide range of educational activities, especially for young people.
So far the following sites have been listed in V4 countries:
- Olomouc Premyslid Castle and Archdiocesan Museum, Czech Republic (a focal point of Moravian presence in European history. It is an early centre of Christianity, a place that preserves and highlights the high level of artistic patronage of the archbishops of Moravia, and a fine example of heritage conservation in the region).
- Union of Lublin, Poland (the Union, established in 1569, tied together the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, creating the so-called Commonwealth of Both Nations, characterized by a single monarch, a common parliament and one currency).
- The May 3, 1791 Constitution, Warsaw, Poland (the Constitution of May 3 1791 was adopted by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, to ensure more freedom and political equality on its territory and introduce the constitutional monarchy system).
- Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music, Budapest, Hungary (established in 1875 by the outstanding composer and musician himself, it is a multi-faceted institution: an educational institution, an international university of musical arts and a concert centre).
- World War I Eastern Front Cemetery No. 123, Łużna – Pustki, Poland (the cemetery, established in 1918 on the Pustki hill is the scene of one of the largest battles of World War I: the battle of Gorlice, also called the Verdun of the East. The cemetery is the final resting place for soldiers from three armed forces, coming from territories that are part of today’s Austria, Hungary, Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Slovenia,.. and from different religious and linguistic backgrounds).
- The historic Gdańsk Shipyard, Poland (the birthplace of the Solidarity movement, which origins date back to the workers' strike of 1970, bloodily suppressed by the socialist authorities. Ten years later, a new wave of strikes prompted the government to give in and sign the historic August Agreements in 1980 with Lech Wałęsa).
- Pan-European Picnic Memorial Park, Sopron, Hungary (The Memorial Park commemorates the civil initiative of the Pan-European Picnic peace demonstration, which was held here on 19 August 1989. The temporary opening of the Hungarian-Austrian border during the demonstration gave nearly 600 citizens of the German Democratic Republic the opportunity to flee across the Hungarian border to the West, making the event the beginning of the destruction of the Iron Curtain).
Recently added Dohány Street Synagogue, built in the 1850s', is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest one in the world. Its surroundings include a museum and archives, a memorial for 10,000 Jewish Hungarian soldiers who lost their lives in WWI, a garden used as a cemetery for the victims of the Holocaust as well as the Wallenberg Memorial Park. The Dohány Street Synagogue Complex is a symbol of integration, remembrance and openness to dialogue.European Heritage sites are milestones in the creation of today’s Europe. Spanning from the dawn of civilization to the Europe we see today, these sites celebrate and symbolise European ideals, values, history and integration.