|Place||Husova 4, 110 Praha 1,|
|Organizer||Ústav dějin umění, Akademie věd ČR / Institute of Art History Academy of Scienc|
The focus of interest of the author is the history of the architectural type of the crematorium, the ideas underlying it, and its presentation in a broader historical context. The text represents the first comprehensive view of issues relating to the emergence of crematoria and the cremation movement in the Czech lands from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st in the context of the process of secularisation of the whole of society. Crematoria are among the modern construction types whose emergence is closely linked with the advancement of civic non-confessional rights. The first designs were initiated by associations that were established for the purpose of propagating cremation and originated directly from, or built on the activities of, other societies or organisations propagating the secularisation of society. The author points out the interconnection between the cremation associations and the new buildings, reflected in particular on the symbolic level, for the shock of the modern funeral method was overcome by means of an ideological programme.