"Brokers of Modernity East Central Europe and the Rise of Modernist Architects, 1910-1950" by Martin Kohlrausch
The story of modernist architects in East Central Europe
The first half of the twentieth century witnessed the rise of modernist architects. Brokers of Modernity reveals how East Central Europe turned into one of the pre-eminent testing grounds of the new belief system of modernism. By combining the internationalism of the CIAM organization and the modernising aspirations of the new states built after 1918, the reach of modernist architects extended far beyond their established fields. Yet, these architects paid a price when Europe’s age of extremes intensified. Mainly drawing on Polish, but also wider Central and Eastern European cases, this book delivers a pioneering study of the dynamics of modernist architects as a group, including how they became qualified, how they organized, communicated and attempted to live the modernist lifestyle themselves. In doing so, Brokers of Modernity raises questions concerning collective work in general and also invites us to examine the social role of architects today.
Ebook available in Open Access.
This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).
Table of content:
Note on Translation
Introduction Brokers of Modernity
Why Modernist Architects?
Modernist Architects and Modernity
Thematic and Temporal Structures
1. Modernity in Eastern Europe – East European Modernism?
The European East – Sketches of a Projection screen
East Central Europe – A Space of Crisis?
The Post-Monarchic State and the Legacy of the War
2. Architects as Experts of the Social: A new Type entering the European Scene
New Tasks for Architects
Architects and the Rise of the Modern Expert
Training Modern Architects
The Rise of Scientific Urbanism and the Self-Empowerment of Architects
The Lure of the Machine
Themes of Change – Architecture as Technology: Rationalization, Planning, and Technocracy 89
3. Organising New Architectural Goals
Organising Architects in a New State
Architecture in a New Key – the CIAM
Self-empowerment – the CIAM and its Polish Group
CIAM-Universalism or Eastern Fast-track? The CIAM-Ost
Realizers – the WSM as Interface
4. Communicating Social Change through Architecture
The Spatial Structure of the New Discourse on Architecture
The Abstract Heritage of the First World War and the Logic of the Media
Architectural Journals and Books as Architectural Programme
Travelling, Gathering, Thinking Alike: Architects as Modern Men
Communicating Problems and Solutions via Language and Exhibitions
Gallery with Plates
5. Materialising the International Agenda: Warszawa Funkcjonalna
The CIAM IV Moment – Politics Coming in
Realising the Novel: The Functionalist Laboratory of Zlín
The Idea of the Functional City
6. Under Pressure: Modernist Architects and the Rise of Political Extremes
Questioned Loyalties and Strained International Exchange
Continuity and Rupture – the Onslaught on Warsaw
Personal Toll and Collaboration
Windows of Opportunity: Warsaw as a Post-catastrophic City
Old Bonds and new Attention: Warsaw as a Realized Utopia? 2